Digital Photographie (Questions/Answers)

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We are living through the greatest advancement in the history of modern photography. The digital camera has changed the way people capture images, but it should not change the way people preserve their memories. The technology used to capture images is far less important than enjoying the printed photograph with family and friends. Whether you own a digital camera or a traditional camera, quality photographs and a story are the key to memory preservation and the heart of a meaningful album. And preserving memories that will last a lifetime is what Creative Memories does best.

Q. What is digital photography?

A. Digital photography simply refers to how the image was captured. Unlike a conventional camera, which uses film to capture the light, a digital camera uses a sensor to capture the light. The information captured by the sensor is stored onto the camera’s memory card.

One of the key benefits of digital photography is that images can be instantly reviewed, allowing you to capture the perfect shot.

Q. What should I look for when shopping for a digital camera?

A. The first thing you need to consider when shopping for a digital camera is how you will use the camera. If you are taking snapshots and plan to print a standard 4 x 6-inch print, a camera with two to three megapixels is more than adequate. Cameras with four or five megapixels are best if you plan to enlarge images. The higher the resolution, the higher the image quality when enlarged.

Before you purchase one of the many digital cameras on the market, you may want to read reviews from various sources. Then, when you are at the store, be sure to ask what features are bundled with the camera, and try the camera out to be sure its features meet your needs.

Digital camera memory cards are equivalent to a roll of film. Typically, memory cards that come with your camera will have a minimum amount of memory available. An additional memory card may be purchased if you want more memory or a spare card on hand. Memory cards are for temporary storage. Ideally, you will want to get your images printed within a relatively short amount of time.

Some digital cameras come with cables to connect the camera to your computer. Check to ensure cables are included, or find out which ones you may need to purchase. There typically are two types of cables: serial or USB. We recommend the faster USB connections. Most digital cameras also come with basic editing and enhancing software. Check to see if your computer is able to run this software. Use Creative Memories’ Memory Manager™ Software to store and organize your pictures and StoryBook Creator Software to create StoryBook photo books in a breeze.

Q. How do I get my images printed?

A. There are a number of ways to get high-quality prints and photographs:

• Home printers. You may have either an inkjet, which is the most popular, or a dye sublimation printer at home. As the name suggests, an inkjet printer uses small drops of ink to produce a print. A dye sublimation printer uses heat to fuse colored ink ribbons onto the paper.
• Online photo processing. You select and upload your images to the Creative Memories Photo Center. Digital image processing uses the same techniques as film processing. Your images are typically mailed back to you within a few days.
• Retail photo processing. You bring either your memory card or a CD with your images to a retail establishment. This method generally uses the same techniques as film processing.

Q. What’s the difference between a print and a photograph?

A. The primary difference is the method by which your image is ultimately printed. Digital images are either printed from home or through an outside service.

Home printing:

• Inkjet prints – Created with a printer that sprays colored ink directly onto the paper.
• Thermal prints – Created with a printer that uses heat to fuse colored ink ribbons onto the paper. (Also know as dye sublimation.)

Outside Service:

• Digital photographs – Created with a commercial printer that uses light-sensitive paper that is chemically processed just like film. This requires that the images are hand delivered or uploaded to a photo lab.

Q. What happens to photographs and prints when they are not stored in Creative Memories albums?

A. Photographs and prints displayed in a frame or on a refrigerator are vulnerable to light-induced fading. This generally causes a shift in the color balance of the image. Inkjet prints may also be susceptible to ozone and other pollutants in the environment. A Creative Memories album protects prints from light, air pollution and physical damage. Plus, journaling in a Creative Memories album will ensure that future generations learn the stories represented in the photographs.

Q. How should I store my inkjet prints?

A. Inkjet prints should be stored as any other photograph in your Creative Memories album. However, the use of Page Protectors is recommendable because inkjet prints may be more susceptible to scratching and environmental pollution.

Great product to help you with your digital photos:

To help you organize and back-up your photo we have the Memory Manager.

To help you make quick and easy album without all the hassle of all the tools and cutting we have the Storybook Creator 4.0.

To have all your photo project printer and delivered to your door visit our Digital Center.

Happy Scrapping!!!

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Enemies of photographs

Photographs have six main enemies:

  1. acid and other chemicals
  2. humidity
  3. temperature (heat and extreme temperature fluctuation)
  4. light
  5. corrosive particles
  6. human carelessness.

Acid and other chemicals
The acid, PVC or lignin content in your albums and other supplies such as paper, pens, embellishment, etc., can affect the life expectancy of your photos. The acid will damage photos over time and cause them to fade and the lignin, a natural component of wood, will break down and become acidic over time. Therefore, make sure your paper is acid-free and lignin-free for a longest photo life. In the following paragraphs, you will learn more.

Humidity
Humidity poses one of the biggest threats to photographs. According to conservators, the optimal range of relative humidity is 20 percent to 50 percent.

Photographs stored in humidity of 65 percent or more, such as in an attic or basement may become brittle or grow mold. Mold lives on the gelatine emulsion, the layer where the image is formed. Both the paper and its emulsion expand and contract in different humidities, but not at the same rate. The bonding between the paper and the emulsion may be damaged, leading to flaking.

Mildew is another hazard. There is no way to stop the spread of mildew once it has started. Again, have a new print made while the image is still visible. The rooms where important or valuable pictures are placed should have a stable environment in which temperature and humidity are maintained at relatively constant levels. This can be accomplished through the use of air conditioning, humidifiers (in dry homes, especially during the winter) and dehumidifiers (for damp environments). Running fans to keep air circulating may be helpful. Simple temperature/humidity gauges are available at hardware and electronics stores.

Temperature
Temperature control is important due to its influence on relative humidity. As temperatures drop, the air can hold less moisture, and the relative humidity rises. If the storage area is cooled without also controlling the relative humidity, fungal growth may result. By decreasing temperatures 10 degrees Fahrenheit, the life expectancy of a color photograph almost doubles.

Attics are too hot and basements are too damp for safe photo storage. Don’t hang or store important photographs on exterior walls, in bathrooms or over heat sources.

A good rule to follow is to store your albums in a room where the temperature is 77 degrees Fahrenheit (25 degrees Celsius) or less where heat and relative humidity are kept at fairly constant levels.

Light
Light has visible and invisible effects on paper, either of which may cause paper to become brittle and deteriorate. One of the visible effects is bleaching – fading of colors and certain dyes and inks. Another visible effect is that paper darkens when any lignin reacts with certain other compounds, turning it yellow or brownish. This reaction turns newspaper yellow. Nothing can reverse or stop photo deterioration, but a faded color print can be copied in black and white to bring back its original contrast.

At the same time these visible effects are taking place, certain invisible damage also occurs. The ultraviolet rays in sunlight and fluorescent light induce chemical reactions that break down cellulose, weakening the paper. Unfortunately, the reaction initiated by light may continue even after the source of damage has been eliminated. Buffering will minimize the breakdown.

Other factors being equal, paper will last longer when kept in the dark. However, keeping photo albums continually in the dark is seldom practical. Watch for oxidation. This chemical reaction often occurs in the dark areas of a photo or around the edges and gradually ruins the picture. Have a new negative and/or picture made while it is still clear.

Direct sunlight is the most harmful light source. Incandescent (tungsten) or filtered fluorescent lighting is preferred. Typical photocopying will not harm photographs or other printed materials. Avoid exposing your album pages or photos to light over extended periods of time (e.g., don’t leave your album open on the coffee table).

Corrosive particles
Air purity is particularly crucial to photo longevity in a city environment. Harmful chemicals and airborne particles can damage conventional photographs and digital prints.

Keep photographs away from fresh paint fumes, plywood, fumigation agents, cardboard, janitorial supplies and furniture polish. Do not leave albums open where dust can collect on them.

Human carelessness
Keep photos away from any harmful papers, plastics or glues, such as cardboard boxes and file folders. Don’t eat, drink or smoke around original photos – especially not around negatives. Handle your prints gently, by the borders, and wash your hands before handling. Negatives, prints and other types of photos can be cleaned with a soft brush such as a camel hairbrush.

If you have a photo that is ripped or partially ruined by water or other disaster, you may want to take it to a professional photo restorer.

Flash Point – by Nick Kelsh

 Article from Scrap magazine March/April 2011 volume 22/number 2 pg.6-7

 The worst place to put a light source for dramatic, compelling photographs is next to your camera lens. That, ironically, is where you’ll find your flash.

 Yes, a flash lets you push the button in low light and be fairly confident that you’ll get something resembling an in-focus, properly exposed picture. That’s extremely useful.

 And a flash allows you to stop action. A picture of a juggler becomes a shot of a man with various objects frozen in space above his hands as though they’re hanging from invisible thread.

 No question about it, a flash built into your camera has serious practical applications.

 And limitations. A flash illuminates things that are near the camera – generally within 15 feet – and leaves the rest of the world in the dark. A flash is harsh and mood changing. The light comes straight from the lens. Most good photographers choose to have the light come from the side of the lens for dramatic effect.

 Using a flash all of the time makes you an amateur snapshooter. If you ever want to mature photographically, you’re going to have to turn that darn thing off. And know when to turn it back on.

 You’re almost forced to turn the flash on if the light is really dim and the kids are jumping and running around. If you don’t, you’ll have lots of ghosty, blurry things in your photos where

the kids are supposed to be. You might get lucky and get something interesting, but you’ll need to shoot lots of pictures to increase your odds.

 It’s probably good to have the flash on when the kids are trick or treating at Halloween or during their birthday parties. But when the cake comes out of the kitchen covered with lit candles, it’s nice to know how to turn the flash off and be able to focus on the lovely face of the birthday girl blowing them out.

 When professionals use a flash, it’s almost always attached to some kind of lighting device that softens the effect – a white umbrella, maybe – and  is off the camera.

 An excellent compromise for the amateur is a bounce flash. That’s a light attached to the camera that you can point at a wall or the ceiling and bounce soft, flattering light back onto the subject.

 Of course, this is another purchase, but it’s the best way to photograph those jumping, running, squirming, dare I say annoying, kids in less than perfect light and get pictures that have a natural, this-is-what-real-lifelooks- like feeling.

 Remember to turn off your flash for distance shots so you don’t light up the backs of the heads in front of you! – Nick

 

Nick Kelsh reviews amateur photography at facebook.com/howtophotographyourbaby. He is the author/photographer of nine books and has appeared on national TV shows. Nick is a frequent Creative Memories partner, including his “Photo Tips for Scrapbookers” DVD shown at Photo Solutions Parties. His DVDs are for sale on www.howtophotographyourbaby.com. See page 12 for information on a new DVD available in March!

How to take better picture..

If you’re like me, you love taking pictures of your kids (I don’t know a mom that doesn’t). Sometime you get that really good shot, but most of the time they are just OK, but not exactly what you want. Well here are some tips from a great photographer Nick Kelsh, that really help me take great pictures of my kids.

Just remember, those tips can be used not just to take good picture of your kids but of your family, friends, pets and anything you feel you want to take a picture of.

The first common mistake we all make is standing to far from our subject. All you need to do is get closer with your camera. When taking memorable pictures, it’s easy to get too busy and focus all our attention on your subject (especially our babies) but try to see those everyday things that are not very important like lamps, parked cars and so on. If our subject is really the center of attention why not photograph just them, a close up is so powerful. The 1st step for taking great close-up pictures is learning how close your camera can focus. You can practice with a newspaper and the best time to do that is when you are alone, not when things are happening in front of you.

Second common mistake is we use our flash too much. I see your face grinning and in some ways it’s true. But think of this, a flash will expose more the front panel and leave the background all dark, but without a flash you get what you see. Also take in to consideration that you will not get the natural color of an object and the 3D effects as the light brightens everything up. Taking the flash off will get you those natural shades and that 3d effect that will give an edge to your pictures.  So when should you use the flash when taking a picture? When you’re looking to take pictures in the dark or if you’re simply looking to take a picture on the go (snapshots as they are called) then you can leave your flash on. So the choice is yours, what do you want?  A good picture or a picture that is worth a Pulitzer Prize every time you make a shot and that will make every looking at it telling themselves how awesome it looks?

Those are two tips from Nick Kelsh.

You might ask WHO Nick Kelsh is, he’s a well-known photojournalist that works for several USnewspapers around the USA. His last one is The Philadelphia Inquirer.  He’s also been working with Creative Memories for years know, writing article in Lasting Moments magazine and giving tips at shows. For more on Nick Kelsh and more tips on how to take memorable pictures, visit his website; How to photograph your baby at http://howtophotographyourbaby.com/blog .

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